During pregnancy periods, women experience emotional stress, discomfort and anxiety. This has led to clinical officers integrating the use of music therapy in the obstetrics room at the time of labor and delivery time.
The research done by the Music Therapy Association of British Columbia on music therapy effect on pregnant women has indicated that women participating in such therapy have positive perceptions in handling labor pains.
Pregnancy stressors such as baby concerns, Medicare, child birth and finances result to increased levels of anxiety. This may consequently lead to hospitalization for high risks complications. The anxiety may cause fetal abnormalities and maternal obstetrical complications.
However, the music therapy treatment helps reduce the levels of anxiety by giving a relaxed mood and positive perception of pregnancy care.
Some of the roles played by the music therapy in childbirth and neonatal care include:
Music therapy can act as an attention- focusing stimulus. During labor time, attention focus not only reduces level of pain tolerance but it eliminates the pain sensation. This is because it is hard to ignore hearing music which acts as distraction from labour pains.
Music therapy gives relaxation stimulus especially after child birth. Relaxation at child birth plays a critical role in ensuring adequate circulation of oxygen and minimization of psychological fatigue. For example, the back ground music induces a soothing relaxation under stressing conditions. The music therapy on relaxation depends on the woman’s preference of music so as to induce relaxation effectively.
Music therapy with its component like rhythm and sound play a critical role in neonatal care. This includes calming crying babies and induce sleep as well.